Rules of Poker Games
In the world of online poker - Seven-Card Stud, Omaha, Texas Holdem are the most Popular ones. All above games are always played with a standard deck of 52 cards.
Texas Holdem, also referred as The Cadillac of Poker
Texas hold 'em (also hold'em, holdem) became the most often played poker game in casinos and poker card rooms anywhere from Monte Carlo to Las Vegas and of course online. Hold 'em is a type of poker, where each player is permitted to use any combination of the five community cards and the player's own two, previously dealt cards to make the final poker hand. Strategic analysis could play an important role in this type of poker, simply because each player starts with only two cards, and rest of the cards are shared.
Here is basic four steps of Texas Hold'em :
The five cards facing up on the table are called community cards. Your hand is formed by taking the best poker hand you can by using any five out of the seven cards (5 community + 2 hole cards). It is important to remember that the community cards are accessible by all the players. When played for money, there is a round of betting after each round of cards dealt (so four rounds of betting in total).
In Texas hold’em , players compete for an amount of tokens/money that was previously Contributed by the players themselves. This is what what’s called “The Pot”. Players try to control the money deposited into the pot based on cards they been dealt. The game consists of series of deals, and at the end of each hand, the pot goes the winning player. In often cases a hand may finish at the showdown, where all players show their cards and the highest ranking wins the pot, unless two or more players have same rankings so it becomes a tie. The only other option for an end of a game is when all but one player has folded, withdralling themselves from any claims to the pot.
The goal of successful players is not to win each and every hand, but to focused instead on wise decisions pertaining to when and how much to bet, raise, call or fold. This will increase the potential of long-term winnings by maximizing longetivity on each round of bets.
This type of poker is usually played using little and big blind bets – forced bets by two players. Antes (forced contributions by all players) are extra bets that can be added to the pot in later stages of the game. A dealer button represents the poker player who happened to be in dealer position; the dealer button rotates clockwise after each deal, alternating the position of blinds and the dealer. Player to the left of the dealer is the first one to post a little bet. Player to the left of the small blind posts the big blind, which is same as the minimum bet. In tournament poker, the blinds and antes are systematically being increased as the game progresses.
The three popular types of hold 'me are limit hold 'me, no-limit hold 'me and pot-limit hold 'me. Limit hold 'em has historically been the most played form of hold 'em found in casinos across America. In limit hold 'em, bets and raises during the first two rounds of betting (pre-flop and flop) must equal to the big blind; this amount is called the small bet. In the next two rounds of dealings (turn and river), bets and raises have to amount to the double big blind and that is called the bet. No-limit hold 'em is the version often found in television tournaments and is the type of poker played in the main event of the World Series of Poker. In no-limit hold 'em, players are allowed to bet or raise any amount over the required minimum raise up to all of the money player has at the table (called an all-in bet). The big blind amount is the same as the minimum raise. If a player decides to re-raise, the raise amount must be at least as much as the previous raise. This is of importance, only if there was a call preceding the re-raise. In pot-limit hold 'em, the maximum raise allowed has to be equal to size of the pot, at any given moment (including the amount needed to call).
Game starts with each player being distributed two cards that are facing down. Player in the little blind position gets the first card and the player in the button seat gets the last card being distributed. These are the only cards; players will get individually for the remainder of the hand.
After the two cards are dealt, first round of betting begins. It is referred as “Pre-Flop”. Player to the left of the big blind goes first and then placing bets continues clockwise. It will not stop until every player has folded, went all in with their chips, or matched the amount contributed in by all other involved players.
Second part of the game (the flop) begins and dealer lays down three face-up community cards. This is followed by another series of bets, which from now on start with the player to the dealer's left and continue clockwise.
Turn / Fourth Street
At the end of the flop betting round, one more community card is being dealt (called the turn or fourth street) followed by another round of betting.
River / Fifth Street
Last community card is being laid down then (called the river or fifth street), and as before another round of betting follows.
Conclusion and the showdown
Finally game comes to a conclusion and if one of the players happened to bet and rest folded, he takes the pot and does not have to show his cards. If we have two or more players remaining after last round of bets - the only way to resolve the game is by a so-called " The Showdown “. Players show their best five - card poker hand. Each can use any combination of two own hole cards with any of the five faced up community cards.
If more than one player shares the highest ranking, the pot is divided evenly between them. It is very important to be cautious when deciding on best hand. For example, if a hand involves less then five cards (one pair or three of a kind or etc), then kickers are used to resolve the game. A kicker is a card that is part of the five-card poker hand, but is not used in determining a hand's rank. It is important to remember that the card’s numerical rank is of sole importance; suit values are meaningless in Texas.
This type of poker is usually played with anywhere from four and eight players and a typical deck of fifty-two cards. Seven Card Stud differs from Texas Holde’m since players use antes, not blinds. Players start by putting an ante into the pot, and then there are being dealt cards. Everyone at the table is required to bet – it is a forced bet situation. Antes amount depends on the limit of the game being played. On average an ante is somewhere in between five and ten percent of the big bet. Another words, if you are playing standard $5/$10 Seven Card Stud, the ante ends up being around one dollar.
7 card stud rules
After first antes are placed, each player is dealt one card at a time until all players have three cards on his. Following dealer puts down two cards face down, and one card face up. This is referred to as Third Street. Cards facing up in Seven Card Stud are not community cards; there are individual cards for each player. Upon dealing the cards player with the weakest cards faced up is forced to make a “bring in” bet. In an event of tie for the lowest card, suit resolves the situation. Clubs, Diamonds, Hearts, Spades is the order from the highest to the lowest suit.. The bring in bet is on average half the small bet. Following the bring in bet, game continues in a clockwise direction. Each player is allowed to fold, call or raise. Raising so early in the game is quite inexpensive and given our example, a raise would add up to 5$. Round continues and every player has a chance to act.
Fourth street in 7 Card Stud
During fourth street, each player is dealt one more face up card. Unlike the begging of the game, now player with the highest hand starts the betting round. Again game continues in a clockwise fashion until every player had a chance to act. Players usually bet or raise rather small amounts during fourth street round.
Fifth street and Sixth street in 7 Card Stud
Fifth street play is exactly same as fourth street in that all players receive an additional face up card and then play begins with the player who has the highest showing poker hand. The major difference is that from this round on, betting and raising has to be now done at the higher bet level, so in our example game it would end up being $10. Once all players have had their chance to act, one more face up card is dealt to all the players, and that begins sixth street. Players will not be dealt any more face up cards. Following the previous routine, game starts with highest-ranking hand and continues clockwise. Once again after every player had a chance to act, the game enters its final stage – called the river and the spectacular showdown.
The river and the showdown
In the last round of the game, players are dealt one final face down card. Play starts with the player holding highest poker hand. Once all players have acted, it’s time for the showdown. Player who was the last one to bet or raise has to show his cards first. Remaining players have an option to either not show their hand in the event that hand is weak, or they can show their hand if it is strong enough to win the pot. The dealer then decides on the highest-ranking hand and the pot goes to the winner.
Omaha poker (also known as Omaha High) is poker game where community cards are also used. It’s poker rules are similar to Texas Holde’m, with one major difference – players are dealt four face down cards instead of just two. In Omaha, the goal is to make the best five-card poker hand by choosing from the nine cards that are provided to the players. Important to note is that you have to use two cards from your hand, and then exactly three from the community cards. The example below deals with rules of a Fixed Limit Omaha poker game.
Based on the betting limits players determine the value of the blinds. The little blind usually amounts to half the lower bet, and the big blind is the exact same amount as lower bet. In this example lets look at $2/$4 Fixed Limit Omaha game, so the little blind would amount to 1$ and the big blind ends up being 2$. At the begging of a round, player located at the left of the dealer starts with a little blind, next player to his left is required to start with a big blind. Then, four face down cards are being dealt to every player, starting with the little blind. After cards are dealt, player located to the left of the big blind is forced to act (“under the gun”). He has three options: fold (withdrall himself from the game), call (bring in the big blind amount) or raise (double the big blind value). Game continues around the table, until all players had a chance to act and either matched the bet amount or folded. The begging blinds, posted at the start of the game are consider live and could be added to players bet. As long as there is no raise until game reaches the round of the big blind, player is allowed to check and see a flop, or raise and re-open the betting round. Standard fixed limit poker is usually played with a maximum of 3 raises allowed on each betting round.
Once all players completed betting in the pre flop part of the game, dealer puts down three face up cards on the table. Obviously these are community cards and all the players are allowed to use them as part of their final poker hand. Next, new round of betting starts with a player, who is still in hand, to the left of the dealer. He has two choices: call or bet. Bets in this part of the game, are on the lower limit and they amount to the value of the big blind (in 2$/4$ game it is 2$). A check would simply take the player out of a betting round and as long as there have not been any bets – this is permitted. Again, game continues until each player had a chance to act and either matched the bet or folded.
Turn & River
Dealer puts another face up card at the table. It’s called the turn. This is followed by another round of betting. The only difference from the flop round of betting is that now all bets are double (so it’s 4$ in 2$/4$ game). When all the players have acted, final community card is dealt. It’s called the river. Now, final round of betting starts it works the same way as the previous, except for one difference: in an event there are only two players left at the table – an unlimited number of raises is allowed. Once all bets are matched then it's time for the showdown.
All players still remaining at the table are required to show their cards now. Once again we start with the first player to the left of the dealer. In Omaha, each player has to use two cards from his hand, and three from the community cards to make his best ranking poker hand. At showdown player with a highest hand takes the pot, and in an event few players have cards of the same value, the pot gets divided equally among them.
Pot Limit Omaha Poker Rules
In a game of Pot Limit Omaha poker rules are exactly same as Omaha Holdem rules except for these differences:
Players are allowed to post bets of any size between the big blind and the given value of the pot.
Players are allowed to raise any amount between the preceding bet and the given value of the pot.
There is unlimited number of raises allowed.
The table stakes ($1/$2, $4/$8 etc.) pertain to the value of the blinds, not the actual bet amounts.